World Politics and International Relations

World Politics, also called world politics, refers to the field which studies the political and economical patterns of the world as a whole and not just a particular region. In the center of this discipline are the various political processes in terms of issues of global social significance. Some of these are political conflict, socio-economic development, and environmental degradation.

There have been many attempts to define the essence of world politics. However, a consensus has not yet emerged as the results of these efforts have been inconclusive. Most experts agree that political science is best related to political science, which is basically a branch of mathematics that tries to solve the equations of complex physical and financial situations.

The main areas of concentration of world politics include international political struggle, international economic relationships, global warming, international civil society, global health, global education, global energy, global terrorism, and globalization. International political struggles are manifested through various types of resistance movements such as resistance to Western colonization, resistance to socialism, anti-apartheid, or anti-Zionist. These movements, either internally or externally, seek to increase social equality and political liberties, end discriminatory political practices, improve worker’s conditions, or protect and enhance human rights.

Comparative political economy refers to the study of how national economies operate. A popular term in this field is “national economic system” or “national exchange system”. In international relations, comparative politics considers international organizations and politics. These include the major political organizations of the world such as the UN, the European Union, the United States, China, Russia, India, Japan, South Korea, and Pakistan. Some of the more prominent nations of the world include Canada, Austria, Brazil, Bolivia, Cuba, Costa Rica, Germany, Greece, Indonesia, India, Iraq, Iran, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, Venezuela, and the United Kingdom.

Globalization is a complex phenomenon driven by technological development, globalization, and structural changes in the global economy. Changes in the world politics have also played their role in increasing global globalization. With regards to global politics, international relations theory attempts to explain the causes and patterns behind the evolution of world politics. Some of the most prominent theories in this particular area include; political economy, political geography, international communication, soft power, global terrorism, and international trade.

The other side of globalization refers to the opposite effects that the rapid advancement of technology has on the processes and practices of global governance. There is a tendency by countries with advanced technology to take for granted aspects of the global governance process, and consequently to neglect the aspects of their domestic development that need attention. As a result, there is a perception that global governance lacks the will to respond to the increasing complexities of global politics. Some of the problems that are being faced by the organization of global politics and the improvement of world economy and governance comprise; environmental issues, the global distribution of wealth, global food prices, climate change, global health, global energy, and globalization as a process.

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