The Study of Politics
Politics is the study of government and political systems in various societies around the world. Politics is generally the arrangement of activities which are associated with establishing authority structures within groups, or socio-economic levels, such as that of the distribution of property or status, or the allocation of scarce resources. The field of political science is known as political science today. The branches of this science are sociology, political science, political philosophy and the history of political thought.
Politics has been with us since the beginning of recorded history. Throughout history there have been numerous instances where people have made efforts to exercise political authority. Throughout the world, politics is an important part of everyday life. In most countries, politics is considered a major constituent of public policy. The existence of politics has become prevalent in the modern era. It has become significant in shaping social policies and the handling of public matters such as healthcare, immigration and even national currency.
The study of politics is an introduction to the workings of politics and governments in modern society. There are numerous branches of political science including constitutional politics, institutional politics, international politics, national politics, and legislative politics. The study of politics is inherently linked to the study of government. There is an ongoing debate as to the nature of politics itself. Politics is commonly divided into two distinct branches; that of liberal politics, and that of authoritarian politics.
Liberal politics is characterized by a system of overall compromise governed by an agreement among political parties about the rules of debate and decision-making through a system of proportional representation. Everyone has an equal right to participate in the decision-making process and everyone has a right to be heard. Liberal politics is the political system that provides the widest range of opportunities for contestation of legislation. It is also characterized by an extremely high degree of economic growth because the economy generally spends more money than it makes.
Under authoritarian politics, the power structure is determined by one single party controlling the levers of state through a system of control. There is no second party that can potentially gain a hold over the levers of state because they do not exist. Under this system there is also very limited scope for political contestation because the ruling party uses its material resources to ensure that no opposition party can challenge its power.
The study of politics is very important because it informs us about how to conduct our political structures and how we can use those structures to guarantee our material interests. It helps us understand what kind of leaders and how we should motivate our executives. It also helps us to determine how we can exploit other people’s material resources to secure our own interests. The study of politics is therefore very important because it forms the base upon which we can understand how we can conduct ourselves as a society and as a government. The study of politics is therefore indispensable to the survival of our civilization and way of life.