Politics is basically the collection of human actions that are related to making decisions about the allocation of status or resources, including politics in the international arena. The branch of academic social science that studies government and politics is known as political science. It is often subdivided into three major areas of research: political theory; political science; and political administration. These areas are highly diverse and have a number of sub-fields and areas of study. All these fields combine to form a rich body of research and knowledge about politics, government, and organizations.
The theories and the concepts built up by political science are used to explain social organization and political decision making. In fact, all aspects of political systems and institutions are covered in this area of study. Many of the concepts of politics are used in other fields as well, but their applicability and significance in the area of politics are far-reaching. Political theory deals with the broadest possible range of issues which affect political decision making. The branches of political science which focus on these larger issues include: comparative politics, which study the similarities and differences of various political systems; political science, which studies the political systems of different countries and regions; and political sociology, which study the processes of politics and the people who engage in it.
Comparative politics looks closely at many similarities and differences of political systems, including the institutions that support them. Some of these include institutional arrangements, ideology, culture, national identity, and values. Comparative politics is closely related to political science and the study of politics in the United States, which started with the Whig theory of politics in the 17th century. The theories of political economy develop out of the ideas of free market economics.
Economic systems are analyzed according to the rules of supply and demand. In political theory and political science, economic systems are studied as a whole. But this is not always the case, because in real life, political parties sometimes manage to come up with their own systems of economic management. Politics and economics are closely related and both are affected by the economy. When the economy is doing well, politics will tend to flourish, when it is doing poorly, politics will be affected.
Politics and economic systems can also be studied at the level of micro-organisms or cells. This is especially evident in bacteria and cancer. Micro-organisms in nature fight against other micro-organisms and survive. Like a cancer cell, a politician may seek economic prosperity, but the survival rate for that politician is quite low.
The relationship between politics and economics is complex and intertwined. It is impossible to talk about these topics without being able to recognize their interdependence. This makes understanding politics and economic practices important for understanding human behavior. In fact, political parties affect the direction of economic policies and even public funding for research, so economic research is an area where scholars have spent a lot of time and money. Studies on politics and economic systems are therefore essential for students who want to understand how the political systems of different countries differ and interact with one another.