Researching Disability Politics
Politics is an important part of public life. Without politics, there would be no system of law and without a society, there would be no political system. Politics is the collection of activities which are related to making decisions in political groups, or other informal power relations between people, including the distribution of political status or assets. The field of political science is known as political science. It is widely used in the curriculum as a research tool.
Ancient Greece is the country where politics first developed. It is still considered by many to be the beginning of modern politics. Plato was the first one to develop the idea of democracy. Ancient Greece is famous for its political institutions such as, the democracy, aristocracy, slave trade, plebeian assembly, and the most famous – the constitutional monarchies.
Comparative political science deals with the study of polities, their institutions, culture, philosophy and other aspects of political life. Comparative Politics is closely related to political theory. A lot of confusion arises in the minds of the public when people use the two words. The main problem in the use of the two words is that they have been used interchangeably. Comparative Politics has a clear theoretical structure whereas political theory is more abstract and has a more literary style.
Comparative Politics uses economic reasoning to explain political processes and decisions. It provides a detailed account of the evolution of political institutions and their political consequences. It gives an account of the changes in political institutions over time and examines how the evolution of the economic structure of a polity can affect political institutions. By studying the relationship between public policies and the rise and fall of civilizations, comparative political science helps us understand why certain actions are adopted or not. It also analyzes the reasons for the popularity or unpopularity of particular political philosophies or institutions.
Comparative Politics can be used as a reference class for the purposes of understanding political systems and organizations around the world. It includes political economies, constitutional systems, and the institution of parliaments. Comparative Politics offers a wide variety of topics and subjects to be studied including constitutional government systems, economic policies and institutions, and war. Many textbooks on Comparative Politics have been published such as Edward Elgar, Arnold Mann, Howard Zinn, Alexander R. Powell, and Gary B. Norton. A few alternative topical textbooks on political economy have also been published including Robert E. Pickering, Max Nisvetzky, and Douglas J. Mierler.
The study of politics is based on the study of language, culture, and society. Politic languages, such as English, French, German, Spanish, Russian, and Hinduism have historic and political significance in the wider context of political systems and institutions. For example, politics has a profound effect on what words people use to make statements about what is factual, what is opinion, and what is fiction; and on how they interpret that information and how they use it to make decisions about societal matters.
One of the many important dimensions of political science is the concept of contestation. Contestation occurs when one political system attempts to impose its rules and norms on another political system. This process of contestation is a part of the development of politics as a socio-cultural enterprise that involves not only conscious political actions but also unconscious social responses. Examples of this include the use of state power to restrict freedom of expression; the ability of organized labor to restrict industrial competition; and the ability of indigenous peoples to determine their own cultural identities and political arrangements.
In the United States, social scientists have documented a wide range of institutional barriers to political participation. These barriers include poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, racism, sexism, age, gender, ethnicity, disability, and other factors. As the welfare state has developed in response to the worsening of economic conditions over the past two decades, the number of persons with disabilities has also grown. These persons now account for nearly 25 percent of the US population and are experiencing greater variations in income and wealth than any other group. They continue to suffer barriers to meaningful participation in politics despite the progress of the political system.