Politics is an analysis of the various mechanisms by which political institutions and individuals influence each other to establish and maintain their power and influence over the societies. Politics is a branch of social science which studies political institutions and individuals influencing each other to establish and/or maintain their power and influence over the societies. Politics is the systematic collection of activities that relate to making decisions on behalf of groups, individuals or governments on issues, for the purpose of establishing or maintaining their power and influence over the societies. The field of political science is known as social science because of the use of political criteria to study political institutions and individuals and their effect on the society. Politics is also divided into various sub-specialties, like constitutional politics, federal politics, international politics, social science and political theory.
One major branch of politics is known as political theory. The study of politics mainly seeks to understand how social groups organize themselves to establish and practice political institutions and politics. The major areas of focus of political science include: political decision-making, political action, political organizing, political theory, government and political organizations. Different schools of thought in politics include social science disciplines, like sociology, anthropology, law and politics.
Politics is based on the assumption that the societal compact can be understood to contain individual as well as collective aspects. Politics is not a science but is studied as a discipline of inquiry. Politics is a field that emerged at the threshold of modernity and has withstood the test of time. The essence of politics is to comprehend the political systems of diverse civilizations and societies around the world, to develop a political awareness among citizens of a democratic society and to develop a sense of citizenship. Politics is important in defining the nature of public opinion.
Politics is a part of life that sometimes gets ignored. Politics is an essential element of our daily lives. Without politics no civilization can progress. In today’s world people’s opinions matter. In fact politics is associated more with perceptions and choice rather than with actual facts and figures. Facts are available for public scrutiny and politics considers these facts and their consequences.
Politics is the arrangement of political institutions and principles that guide the development of polities or states. History has witnessed numerous changing political arrangements and politics evolved over the course of time. The major elements of politics are party, power, national economy, civil society and institutions of accountability and rule of law. History of politics is characterized by multiple phases: the ancient period; pre-modern period; post-modern period; and the contemporary period. During the recent past, history of politics has seen major changes, like the transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy, to absolute democracy, to multiparty system and to multipartisan politics.
This was a brief overview of politics. This class is meant to help you understand politics better. You can find out whether you agree with most of the points here. If you do, then politics will be interesting and you will have a deeper understanding of it. If not, you can still learn a lot from this overview of class political science chapter 1 ncert.