An Overview of Politics
Politics is the structured system of interrelated political actions that are performed by groups, governments or individuals in society, including the distribution of societal status or rewards, or resource allocation. The discipline of political science is also known as political science. Politics has always been a highly prominent part of society since its origins in ancient Greece, and has evolved over the years into a system of values, institutions, and institutions that have helped us to determine our basic identity as a human being. Politics has always been a necessary and unavoidable aspect of all socio-political systems, since without it there would be no socio-political systems. Without politics, there would be chaos, and absolute powerlessness. Politics has been present since pre-historical times, and has been present throughout the history of mankind.
Politics is the study of political institutions or systems that act on behalf of the public. Politics is a systematic approach to understanding the political systems of different nations and countries, ranging from representative government to participative government, from autocratic to democratic governments. The disciplines of political science include political philosophy, political science, sociology, political theology, history, and law. The most important areas of politics include constitutional government, international political action, sovereign decision-making, constitutional government, national leadership, international political action, multiparty politics, national economic policy, public administration, and politics in the United States. There are many sub-disciplines of political science, including research, law, political action, and political psychology.
Many of the modern institutions of politics emerged out of earlier historical struggles between societies and institutions, between men and women, and between civilizations. Early humans formed political institutions based on reciprocity, honor, and fear, and built political behavior on the basis of reciprocity and the enforcement of rights. Later, as political institutions grew in complexity and importance, more abstract principles of justice and fairness became attached to the political theories of various nations.
Over the last few centuries human politics has developed into a highly organized system with a national level, and local levels covering a range of political organizations and social systems. At a national level, political theory deals with the arrangements by which various groups share power and influence at the national level. Political theory deals with various institutions that promote political activity at the local level. At the local level political theory deals with deliberative assemblies, popular assemblies, and other forms of political expression.
Over the last century and a half the work on politics has focused on theories of international relations and the practices of globalization. The focus of political science over recent decades has been the study of political systems and institutions that act on behalf of the public. These theories focus on how politics influences the selection of governmental policies, the internal structure of governments, the selection of citizens and candidates for public office, and the maintenance of social welfare and traditions. The theories of politics that deal with these various aspects of politics aim to explain how politics affects the economic development of countries and how this affects public opinion. The more encompassing theories of politics examine how politics relates to various social processes such as cultural evolution, institutional organization and ethnicity.
The most important aspects of political science are those that examine the nature and purposes of representative institutions, such as parliaments, cabinets, legislative assemblies, and judicial courts. Studies that concentrate on representative institutions focus on the mechanisms of government, including checks and balances, legitimacy, power, and popular consent. Studies that focus on the institutionalization of politics include such areas as rule of law, citizenship and ethnicity, national unity and identity, economic growth and poverty, power and influence, political participation and civic involvement, political systems and institutions, central planning, globalization, and technology transfer.